Posts filed under ‘Articles’

From Bauhaus to Ecohouse: A Short History of Ecological Design

From Bauhaus to Ecohouse: A Short History of EFront triennalecological Design,” in Behind the Green Door: Architecture and the Desire for Sustainability, Helle Benedicte Berg (ed.), (Oslo: Oslo Architecture Triennale, 2013), 129-139.

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October 8, 2013 at 12:57 pm Leave a comment

The Call for a New Ecotheology in Norway

The Call for a New Ecotheology in Norway,” Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture 7:2 (2013), 187-207.

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The call for a new ecotheology in Norway began in the early 1970s with environmentally concerned deep ecologists and continued within the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Norway and the university system. Church officials and intellectuals saw ecotheology as an effective way of engaging the young in caring for the Creation. Alongside the eco-philosophical projects of redefining the natural, the deep ecologists also sought to renew religious faith. Norwegian theologians found their questioning of economic growth, technocracy, and industrialism appealing, and they sympathized with their call to save wilderness and their endorsement of outdoor life, rural communities, and modest lifestyles. Deep ecology represented for theologians an opportunity to revive the Church, mobilize a new and younger audience, and address the question of how to behave towards God’s Creation.

September 2, 2013 at 12:14 pm 1 comment

Wissenschaft als Urlaub: Eine Geschichte der Ökologie in Norwegen

Tue GreenfortWissenschaft als Urlaub: Eine Geschichte der Ökologie in Norwegen” in Tue Greenfort: Eine Berggeschichte, (Dornbirn: Verlag für Moderne Kunst, 2012), 26-57.

Translation of Peder Anker, “Science as a Vacation: A History of Ecology in Norway,” History of Science, 45:4 (2007), 455-479.

January 28, 2013 at 12:43 pm Leave a comment

Ecological Communication at the Oxford Imperial Forestry Institute

“Ecological Communication at the Oxford Imperial Forestry Institute,” in Cultivating the Colonies: Colonial States and their Environmental Legacies, Christina Folke Ax (et.a.) (ed.) Ohio University Press, 2011.

The essays collected in Cultivating the Colonies demonstrate how the relationship between colonial power and nature reveals the nature of power. Each essay explores how colonial governments translated ideas about the management of exotic nature and foreign people into practice, and how they literally “got their hands dirty” in the business of empire. The eleven essays include studies of animal husbandry in the Philippines, farming in Indochina, and indigenous medicine in India. They are global in scope, ranging from the Russian North to Mozambique, examining the consequences of colonialism on nature, including its impact on animals, fisheries, farmlands, medical practices, and even the diets of indigenous people. Cultivating the Colonies establishes beyond all possible doubt the importance of the environment as a locus for studying the power of the colonial state.


Saurabh Mishra, “Cultivating the Colonies,” Social Scientist, 40:11/12 (2012), 101-103

Camilo Quintero, “Cultivating the Colonies,” Isis, 104:1 (2013) , 150-151.

Madhumita Saha, “Cultivating the Colonies,” Technology and Culture, 54 (2013), 184-185.

Allison Hahn, “Cultivating the Colonies,” The Middle Ground Journal, 6 (2013).

A.T. Grove, “Cultivating the Colonies,” Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History, 14:2 (2013).

Graeme Wynn, “Cultivating the Colonies,” Environmental History, 20:1 (2015), 158-161.

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June 4, 2011 at 1:51 pm Leave a comment

Viewing the Earth from Without or from Within

“Viewing the Earth from Without or from Within” with Nina Edwards Anker, New Geographies 4 (2011), 89-94.

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The first Apollo images of the Earth have produced a perspective enabling humanity to act on Earth and its nature as if it controlled it from “outside.” The recent developments of satellite technologies have had a significant impact on the modes of representations as well as the conceptions of geography and space. Today, the visualization modes of geospatial information, which offer layering, zooming and panning navigation tools that capture world landscapes through vertical perspectives, reinforce the concept of the Earth as an “object.” Furthermore, the integration and superimposition of geographical information strengthen the Universalist ideal of knowledge while reducing it to a scientific and abstract visual database. This new “geography from above” -the home, the city, entire territories, the Earth itself, the Monn, Mars and beyond- redefine our environment, subjectivities and practises. With such tools at hand, architects conceive of the geographic as a possible scale, site of intervention and design approach.

The scale of vision, viewpoint and qualification of space made possible by satellite imagery reframe contemporary debates on design, agency and territory. In volume 4 of New Geographies, we invite sumissions of articles and projects that critically address the relationship of space with such modes of representation. What are the characteristics of such an integrated elevated vision and what geographical knowledge does it bring forth? In this data-space, which information is to be retained as relevant? How is such an analytical space to be subsequently interpreted and experienced? What are the cultural, political and environmental repercussions of a vision celebrated as objective and Universalist? what new global issues and debates do such scales of vision raise and how do such visualizations of the Earth-as-home intesect with concerns of ecology and calls for global awarness?

June 3, 2011 at 2:09 pm Leave a comment

Plant Community

Plant Community,” in Schwarz, A.E. & K. Jax (Eds.), Ecology Revisited, (Berlin: Springer, 2011), 325-331.

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The Danish botanist Warming coined the plant community concept in his book “Plantesamfund” in 1895. It has a neo-Lamarckian, morphological, and religiously informed understanding of plant geography. The community concept also drew its inspiration from the Danish political and social environment. Warming was a patriotic defender of the King’s council’s ambition to expand the Danish Empire and the exploitation of natural resources. The plant community concept provided a tool for management of nature that was inspired by the King’s steering of human communities. Warming’s morphologically informed research in Brazil and his geographical explorations of Greenland were also of key importance in the development of his plant community concept.

June 3, 2011 at 1:39 pm Leave a comment

Seeing Pink: The Eco-Art of Simon Starling

Seeing Pink: The Eco-Art of Simon Starling,” Journal of Visual Art Practice 7 (2008), 3-9.

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The artist Simon Starling offers a critique of different aspects of the history of ecology. Ecology represents a fragmented discipline, which signifies different things depending on the situation and on who’s talking. In his work, Starling expresses this multi-faced discipline as a series of different mediations between nature and culture.

May 23, 2011 at 12:19 pm Leave a comment

Deep Ecology in Bucharest

Deep Ecology in Bucharest,” Trumpeter 24 (2008), 56-58.

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Why did the Norwegian philosopher Arne Næss chose to launch deep ecology at the “3rd World Future Research Conference” in Bucharest in 1972? In the original paper, published here for the first time, Næss discusses his theoretical framework as well as the “the shallow” ecological movement he disagrees with, material which was not included in the famous 1973 version of the paper entitled “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movements: A Summary.”

May 23, 2011 at 12:15 pm Leave a comment

Science as a Vacation: A History of Ecology in Norway

Science as a Vacation: A History of Ecology in Norway,” History of Science, 45:4 (2007), 455-479.

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In the late 1960s the University of Oslo became an influential hotbed for ecologically informed policies and philosophies. This article discusses the way in which a group of ecologists came to engage the founder of Deep Ecology Arne Næss, the co-author of The Limits to Growth (1972), Jørgen Randers, the Chair of the World Commission on Environment and Development Gro Harlem Brundtland, and the famed peace researcher Johan Galtung. Their ecological views grew out of a culture in which nature was understood not as a place of work but in terms of outdoor vacationing.

May 23, 2011 at 12:11 pm 1 comment

Buckminster Fuller as Captain of Spaceship Earth

Buckminster Fuller as Captain of Spaceship Earth,” Minerva, 45:4 (2007), 417-434.

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Buckminster Fuller’s experiences in the Navy became a model for his ecological design projects and suggestions for the global management of ‘Spaceship Earth’. Inspired by technocratic ideas of the 1930s, Fuller envisaged, in the 1970s, an elitist world without politics, in which designers were at the helm, steering the planet out of its environmental crises.

May 23, 2011 at 12:09 pm Leave a comment

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